Marcus Rautman

A Cypriot Village of Late Antiquity
A Cypriot Village of
Late Antiquity.
in the Vasilikos Valley


Rautman-Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire
Daily Life in the
Byzantine Empire


Marcus Rautman

Professor of Late Antique and Byzantine Art and Archaeology
Director of Undergraduate Studies
Ph.D., Indiana University

phone: 573-882-6711
fax: 573-884-5269

mailing address:
Department of Art History and Archaeology
102 Swallow Hall
507 South 9th St.
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211


  • AHA 1110: Ancient and Medieval Art
  • AHA 2410: Ancient Technology
  • AHA/Classical Humanities/Film Studies 3005: The Ancient World in Film
  • AHA 3510: Byzantine and Islamic Art and Archaeology (writing intensive)
  • AHA 3520: Early Medieval Art and Archaeology (writing intensive)
  • AHA 4490/7490: Late Antique Art and Archaeology
  • AHA 4510/7510: Byzantine Art and Archaeology
  • AHA 4520/7520: Art of the Dark Ages
  • AHA 8440: Seminar in Ancient/Medieval Topography
  • AHA 8490: Seminar in Late Antiquity



The interplay of social and material cultures underlies my study of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, especially during times of economic stress and political transition.


Rural CyprusThessaloniki

Far removed from the center of Roman power, this remote island province offers special opportunities for exploring settlement and daily life on a regional basis. Landscape study and pedestrian survey of the Vasilikos region have traced how local inhabitants occupied one coastal valley from Neolithic to modern times. Selective excavations carried out at the village site of Kalavasos-Kopetra provide a detailed view of rural lifeways during late antiquity.


Selected Articles

  • Preliminary reports in Journal of Roman Archaeology, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus
  • Handmade pottery and social change: The view from late Roman Cyprus, Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 12, 1998, 81-104
  • The busy countryside of late Roman Cyprus, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus 2000, 317-31
  • Rural society and economy in late Roman Cyprus, in Urban Centers and Rural Contexts in Late Antiquity, eds. J. W. Eadie and T. S. Burns (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001) 241-62
  • The context of rural innovation: An early monastery at Kalavasos-Sirmata, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus 2001, 307-18
  • A Cypriot Village of Late Antiquity. Kalavasos-Kopetra in the Vasilikos Valley, JRA Suppl. 52, 2003 (with contributions by L. V. Benson, S. C. Fox, M. D. Glascock, B. Gomez, M. C. McClellan, H. Neff, W. O'Brien, and D. S. Reese)
  • Valley and village in late Roman Cyprus, in Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside, LAA 2, eds. W. Bowden, L. Lavan, and C. Machado (Leiden: Brill, 2004) 189-218
  • The villages of Byzantine Cyprus, in Les villages dans l’empire byzantin, eds. J. Lefort, C. Morrisson, and J.-P. Sodini (Paris: P. Lethielleux, 2005) 453-63
  • Site-specific survey in a Cypriot setting: Settlement definition and verification in the Vasilikos valley, in Thinking about Space. The Potential of Surface Survey and Contextual Archaeology in the Definition of Space in Roman Times, SEMA 8, eds., H. Vanhaverbeke, J. Poblome, F. Vermeulen, M. Waelkens, and R. Brulet (Brepols: Turnhout, 2008) 11-19
  • Late Roman amphorae and trade in the Vasilikos valley, in The Transport Amphorae and Trade of Cyprus, Monographs of the Danish Institute in Athens, eds. M. Lawall and J. Lund
  • The Troodos in Twilight: A Provincial Landscape in the Time of Justinians, in From Justinian I to the Coeur de Lion, CAARI Monographs, ed. C. A. Stewart (CAARI Monographs) 39-56
  • The Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman periods, in The Field Survey of the Vasilikos Valley 2, SIMA 71:10, ed. I. A. Todd (Sävedalen: Paul Åström)


SardisUrban Sardis

The cities of western Asia Minor provide a very different view of the Roman East. Long-term exploration of ancient Sardis has documented fortifications, public buildings, streets, workshops, houses, and tombs across the site and its surrounding territory. Both monuments and artifacts reflect the persistence of local traditions over the span of millennia.

Selected Articles

  • Preliminary field reports in American Joural of Archaeology, American Schools of Oriental Research, Supplement, Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research.
  • Two late Roman wells at Sardis, Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 53, 1995, 37-84
  • A late Roman townhouse at Sardis, Forschungen in Lydien, Asia Minor Studien 17 (Bonn: Rudolf Habelt, 1995) 49-66
  • The aura of affluence: Domestic scenery in late Roman Sardis, in Love for Lydia. A Sardis Anniversary Volume Presented to Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., Sardis Report 4, ed. N. D. Cahill (Cambridge, MA: Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 2008) 147-58
  • Daniel at Sardis, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 358, 2010, 47-60
  • Two menorahs from the synagogue at Sardis, Qadmoniot 43 no. 139, 2010, 44-48 (Hebrew)
  • Sardis in late antiquity, in Archaeology and the Cities of Asia Minor in Late Antiquity, Kelsey Museum Publication 6, eds. O. Dally and C. Ratté (Ann Arbor: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 2011) 1-26
  • From mainstream to margin among the Roman amphorae of Sardis, in From Amphorae to Modelling the Late Roman Economy, FACTA Suppl., eds. P. Monsieur and J. Poblome


MURR reactorArchaeometry

Scientific study of artifacts offers special insight into the character of local lifeways and their wider connections. Compositional analysis of pottery, rooftiles, and other archaeological materials carried out at the Archaeometry Laboratory at the University of Missouri Research Reactor provides a closer look at the material resources and cultural environment of the past.

Selected articles

  • Neutron activation analysis of late Roman ceramics from Kalavasos-Kopetra and the environs of the Vasilikos valley, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus 1993, 233-64 (with B. Gomez, H. Neff, and M. D. Glascock)
  • Neutron activation analysis of Cypriot and related ceramics at the University of Missouri, in Hellenistic and Roman Pottery in the Eastern Mediterranean. Advances in Scientific Studies (Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, 1995) 331-49
  • Clays related to the production of White Slip Ware, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus 1995, 113-18 (with B. Gomez, H. Neff, and M. D. Glascock)
  • Clays used in the manufacture of Cypriot Red Slip Pottery and related ceramics, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus 1996, 69-82 (with B. Gomez, H. Neff, and M. D. Glascock)
  • Amphoras and rooftiles from late Roman Cyprus: A compositional study of calcareous fabric ceramics from Kalavasos-Kopetra, Journal of Roman Archaeology 12, 1999, 377-91 (with H. Neff, B. Gomez, S. Vaughan, and M. D. Glascock)
  • Source provenance of Bronze Age and Roman pottery from Cyprus, Archaeometry 44, 2002, 23-36 (with B. Gomez, H. Neff, S. Vaughan, and M. D. Glascock)
  • Compositional analysis of ceramics from Maroni-Petrera, in S. W. Manning et al., The Late Roman Church at Maroni-Petrera (Nicosia: Leventis Foundation, 2002) 55-57 (with H. Neff)
  • Lead isotopic analysis within a multiproxy approach to trace pottery sources. The example of White Slip II sherds from Late Bronze Age sites in Cyprus and Syria,” in Applied Geochemistry 28, 2013, 220-34 (with V. Renson and others)

Selected publications